Multifragmentation and Flow: peripheral vs. central collisions

Authors: J. Pochodzalla, S. Aiello, M. Begemann-Blaich, Th. Blaich, D.R. Bowman, R.J. Charity, A. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C.K. Gelbke, W.C. Hsi, J. Hubele, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, G.J. Kunde, W.D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, U. Lynen, M. Mang, L.G. Moretto, A. Moroni, W.F.J. Mueller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C.A. Ogilvie, V. Pappalardo, G.F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, T. Rubehn, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schuettauf, W. Seidel, V. Serfling, L.G. Sobotka, J. Stroth, L. Stuttge, W. Trautmann, M.B. Tsang, A. Tucholski, C.W. Williams, A. Woerner, E. Zude, B. Zwieglinski
Published: Proceedings of the Proceedings of 5th Conference On Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (ICNNC 5) 30 May - 4 Jun 1994, Taormina, Italy
Nucl. Phys. A583(1995)553 [->Spires]
Abstract: Multifragment decays of heavy nuclei have been studied at the ALADIN spectrometer system at beam energies between 100 and 1000 MeV per nucleon. The observed fragment distributions signal a universality of spectator decays at bombarding energies E/A >= 400 MeV. The role of the radial flow for the fragmentation process is explored by comparing fragment distributions measured for Au+Au collisions at E/A = 100 MeV in central collisions and at E/A = 1000 MeV in more peripheral reactions. At both energies the maximum multiplicity of intermediate mass fragments (IMFs) normalized to the size of the decaying system is about one IMF per 30 nucleons but the element distributions show significant differences. Within a coalescence picture the suppression of heavy fragments in central collisions at E/A = 100 MeV may be related to a reduction of the density in momentum space which is caused by a large collective expansion velocity component.

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