Fragment Kinetic Energies and Modes of Fragment Formation

Authors: T. Odeh, T. Odeh, R. Bassini, M. Begemann-Blaich, S. Fritz, S.J. Gaff-Ejakov, D. Gourio, C. Groß, G. Immé, I. Iori, U. Kleinevoß, G.J. Kunde, W.D. Kunze, U. Lynen, V. Maddalena, M. Mahi, T. Möhlenkamp, A. Moroni, W.F.J. Müller, C. Nociforo, B. Ocker, F. Petruzzelli, J. Pochodzalla, G. Raciti, G. Riccobene, F.P. Romano, A. Saija, M. Schnittker, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidel, V. Serfling, C. Sfienti, W. Trautmann, A. Trzcinski, G. Verde, A. Wörner, Hongfei Xi, and B. Zwieglinski
Published: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(2000)4557
Preprint GSI-2000-10, March 2000
Preprint nucl-ex/0003005
Abstract: Kinetic energies of light fragments A <= 10 from the decay of target spectators in 197Au + 197Au collisions at 1000 MeV per nucleon have been measured with high-resolution telescopes at backward angles. Except for protons and apart from the observed evaporation components, the kinetic-energy spectra exhibit slope temperatures of about 17 MeV, independent of the particle species, but not corresponding to the thermal or chemical degrees of freedom at breakup. It is suggested that these slope temperatures may reflect the intrinsic Fermi motion and thus the bulk density of the spectator system at the instant of becoming unstable.

PACS numbers: 25.70.Pq, 21.65.+f, 25.70.Mn

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