Charge correlation as a probe of nulear disassembly

Authors: P. Kreutz, J.C. Adioff, M. Begemann-Blaich, P. Bouissou, J. Hubele, G. Imme, I. Iori, G.J. Kunde, S. Leray, V. Lindenstruth, Z. Liu, U. Lynen, R.J. Meijer, U. Milkau, A. Moroni, W.F.J. Müller, C. Ngo, C.A. Ogilvie, J. Pochodzalla, G. Raciti, G. Rudolf, H. Sann, A. Schüttauf, W. Seidel, L. Stuttge, W. Trautmann, and A. Tucholski
Published: Nucl. Phys. A556(1993)672 [->Spires]
Preprint GSI-92-23, March 1992
Abstract: We have studied multi-fragment decays of Au projectiles after collisions with C, Al, Cu and Pb targets at a bombarding energy of 600 MeV/nucleon. We examine the correlations between the charges emitted in these reactions. These correlations are given as a function of the total charge in bound fragments, Zbound, at forward angles, which is a measure of the violence of the collision and can be related to the impact parameter.
The charge distributions have been fit by a power law and the extracted τ parameter exhibits a minimum as a function of Zbound. We observe a strong reduction in the maximum charge, Zmax, of the event with decreasing Zbound. For those events where Zmax is less than half Zbound, the relative sizes of the two largest charges within the event cover the full spectrum of possibilities. The charge-Dalitz plots indicate that the multi-fragmentation events are not an extension of symmetric fission reactions. The event-by-event charge moments are examined to measure the size of the charge fluctuations. All of the charge correlations are independent of the target when plotted as a function of Zbound.
The results are compared to both nuclear statistical and percolation calculations. The model predictions differ from each other, establishing that the observables are sensitive to how the available phase space is populated. The sequential nuclear model predicts too asymmetric a decay, while the simultaneous model predicts too symmetric a break-up. The percolation model, which was adjusted to reproduce the size of Zmax, correctly predicts the mean behaviour and the fluctuations of the lighter fragments.

PACS numbers: 25.70Mn, 25.70.Pq

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